Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was among the most progressive and sensible rulers in our country’s history. There are countless tales of his bravery and innumerable stories of his victories. But there’s always misconception where there is greatness. Some people have often considered him to be a cruel dictator while others have condemned him to be anti-secular.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is often referred to as Shivaji or Shivaji Raje Bhosle. He was born on February 19, 1630, in Shivneri Durg, Pune, Jijabai and Shahji Bhonsle. His father, Shahaji Raje Bhosale, was a high-ranking official at the Bijapur court. Shivaji was prepared for battle at an early age. Shivaji was a great warrior and strategist for India.
1. Amazing : He Was Extremely Secular
Shivaji was against the disputes of the caste, but he was not against any religion. Around the time when all other kingdoms in India adhered to their religious values, Shivaji embraced all religions.
2. Cannot Ignore : His Name was Not Derived from Lord Shiva
Contrarily to the popular belief, he was not named after Lord Shiva, but Regional-Diety Shivai.
3. Amazing : He Was Outstanding War Strategist
Shivaji was a military leader, and despite having limited means, he developed attacking combat abilities when he conquered the Torna fort at a very young age and giving the Sultan of Bijapur the first major blow. Around 1655, he seized the forts of Kondana, Jawali and Rajgarh, one by one, occupying the entire Konkan and Western Ghats.
4. Cannot Ignore : He is the Father of Indian Navy
Shivaji built a powerful navy, known as the father of the Indian Navy. Shivaji realized the importance of the naval force in its early stages and believed that it would keep them independent of foreign invaders-the Dutch, the Portuguese and the British and that it would also protect the Konkan coast from pirates. Shivaji Maharaj built naval forts in Jaigarh, Vijaydurg, Sindhudurg and several other locations.
5. Amazing : Shivaji Offererd Help to Aurangazeb
Shivaji reached out to Aurangzeb to help him conquer Bijapur, but two officials raided the Mughal area near Ahmednagar, and Bijapur was not conquered.
6. Cannot Ignore : He turned his Fathers army of 2,000 men into 10,000 soldiers.
Shivaji formed an army of Marathas, where many soldiers were paid for their service throughout the year. Before that, the Marathas had no army of their own. The Maratha Army was divided into a number of units and each unit had 25 soldiers. Both Hindus and Muslims were appointed to the army without discrimination. Shivaji ‘s army of 2,000 men was converted into 10,000 soldiers.
7. Amazing : Shivaji Believed in Women Empowerment
Shivaji was a staunch supporter of women, standing for their honor. He strongly opposed violence or harassment against women, and gave the soldiers strict instructions that no woman should be harmed while raiding. Under Shivaji’s rule, women from the captured territories were left unharmed, and none were taken as prisoners. People who raped or molested women were severely punished.Contrarily to the popular belief, he was not named after Lord Shiva, but Regional-Diety Shivai.
8. Cannot Ignore : He Escaped from the Seige of Panhala
When Shivaji Maharaj was trapped in the Panhala fort by the army of Siddi Jauhar, he devised a plan to escape. He had arranged for two palkhis. One had a barber, Shiva Nhavi (who looked like Shivaji), and it was made to lead him out of the fort. The enemy was chasing the fake palkhi, which allowed Shivaji to escape the siege with 600 men.
9. Amazing : Shivaji was the champion of the guerrilla war.
Shivaji was the champion of the guerrilla war. He was well versed in the geography of his area, guerrilla tactics, attacking small groups with enemies, etc., and he was called the rat of the hills. However, Shivaji has never raided the religious places or the homes of the people living there.
10. Cannot Ignore : He was a True Patriot
Shivaji fought for his kingdom later and fought for India first. His goal was to establish a free state, and to inspire his soldiers to fight for India and not for any king.
First of all, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was considered to be in the interests of the country rather than his ownpersonal law, and urged every single citizen in his realm to struggle for or contribute to India rather than to him.
Indeed, a benevolent King!
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